DNA CCAGGATAT   DNA ACCCAACAAmRNA GUUCCUAUA   mRNA UGGGUUGUUAmino Acids Trp, Pro,Ile   Amino Acids Trp, Val, ValPhenotype Hairy   Phenotype TallDoes the Martian have 4 or 8 appendages?               What size nose does the Martian have?          GENE          C              GENE DDNA AGCAGG   DNA GTCAGGAAACCCmRNA UCGUCC   mRNA CAGUCCUUUGGGAmino Acids Ser, Ser   Amino Acids Gln, Ser, Phe, GlyPhenotype 8 appendages   Phenotype Short noseDoes the Martian have 0 antennae or 4?                    What color skin does the Martian have?          GENE          E              GENE FDNA TTTAAA   DNA GGACGCCGAmRNA AAAUUU   mRNA CCUGCGGCUAmino Acids Lys, Phe   Amino Acids Pro, Ala, AlaPhenotype No antennae   Phenotype Blue skinHow many digits on each appendage of the Martian?                        Does the Martian have a tail?          GENE          G              GENE HDNA GTCGTCCTA   DNA CGCCCCTATmRNA CAGCSGGAU   mRNA GCGGGGAUAAmino Acids Gln,Gln,Asp   Amino Acids Ala, Gly, IlePhenotype 5 digits on each appendage   Phenotype No tallDoes the Martian have 4 eyes or 8 eyes?          GENE          I  DNA TATCTACGC  mRNA AUAGAUGCG  Amino Acids Ile, Asp, Ala  Phenotype 4 eyes   

Question Answered step-by-step            GENE          A              GENE BDNA CCAGGATAT   DNA ACCCAACAAmRNA GUUCCUAUA   mRNA UGGGUUGUUAmino Acids Trp, Pro,Ile   Amino Acids Trp, Val, ValPhenotype Hairy   Phenotype TallDoes the Martian have 4 or 8 appendages?               What size nose does the Martian have?          GENE          C              GENE DDNA AGCAGG   DNA GTCAGGAAACCCmRNA UCGUCC   mRNA CAGUCCUUUGGGAmino Acids Ser, Ser   Amino Acids Gln, Ser, Phe, GlyPhenotype 8 appendages   Phenotype Short noseDoes the Martian have 0 antennae or 4?                    What color skin does the Martian have?          GENE          E              GENE FDNA TTTAAA   DNA GGACGCCGAmRNA AAAUUU   mRNA CCUGCGGCUAmino Acids Lys, Phe   Amino Acids Pro, Ala, AlaPhenotype No antennae   Phenotype Blue skinHow many digits on each appendage of the Martian?                        Does the Martian have a tail?          GENE          G              GENE HDNA GTCGTCCTA   DNA CGCCCCTATmRNA CAGCSGGAU   mRNA GCGGGGAUAAmino Acids Gln,Gln,Asp   Amino Acids Ala, Gly, IlePhenotype 5 digits on each appendage   Phenotype No tallDoes the Martian have 4 eyes or 8 eyes?          GENE          I  DNA TATCTACGC  mRNA AUAGAUGCG  Amino Acids Ile, Asp, Ala  Phenotype 4 eyes   MARTIAN GENESThis table shows the amino acid sequences for the various Martian genes and phenotypes.Gene Letter Amino Acid Sequence Resulting CharacteristicA Val-Pro-Ile Hairless Trp-Pro-lle HairyB Trp-Val-Val tall    Ile-Ile-Ser shortC Ser-Ala 4 appendages Ser-Ser 8 appendagesD Pro-Ser-Phe-Gly Long nose Gln-Ser-Phe-Gly Short noseE Lys-Phe No antennae Lys-Leu 4 antennaeF Pro-Ala-Ala Blue skin Pro-Ala-Asp Red skin Pro-Ala-Val Yellow skin Pro-Ala-Pro Green skinG Gln-Gln-Asp 5 digits on each appendage Gln-Gln-Lys 6 digits on each appendageH Gly-Gly-Ile tail Ala-Gly-Ile No tailI Ile-Asp-Ala 4 eyes Ser-Asp-Ala 8 eyes  Scientific Name ___________________Common Name _____________________Reflection Questions1.  Did you find any “identical” Martians when comparing with your classmates’ sketches?  Explain your answer, including the process of epigenetics. 2.  How could a single change (substitution) in a nitrogenous base in DNA alter the formation of the resulting protein and phenotype?3.  If you knew a particular amino acid sequence, could you definitively determine the DNA sequence for that protein?  Why or why not?4.  Explain 3 differences between transcription and translation:5.  What are the roles of DNA, mRNA, and tRNA in protein synthesis?1. What is your personal definition of incivility?2. You will be given recovered Martian DNA sequences for each gene 3. Transcribe the DNA for each gene into mRNA.      Record these sequences in the data table on the following page4. Translate the mRNA into amino acids using the provided mRNA codon chart.  Record the amino acid sequences for each gene5. Use the “Martian Genes” chart to determine the phenotype for each trait, and record the phenotype in the data table6. Sketch and color “your” Martian, making sure to include the phenotype of all known traits (you may add additional unknown traits, as in this activity, there are only 9 known genes)7. Using your imagination, come up with the scientific and common name of the Martian (remembering that the genus name must be capitalized and the species name always starts with a lower case letter)8. Some bacteria, like S. aureus, live in relative peace with humans most of the time; about 30% of people carry S. aureus in their noses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). But when these bacteria find their way into the body, especially in people who are immunocompromised, they can cause fatal infections. Staph infections can cause sepsis (full-body inflammation in response to infection), pneumonia, endocarditis (inflammation of the heart and heart valves) and osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bone), according to the CDC. Compare your representative Martian sketch with those of at least 3 classmates9. Answer the questions at the end of this packet10. 11. Describe an incident where you were the victim of bullying or witnessed an example of bullying within nursing.1. How did you handle it?2. After this assignment, how will you handle it in the future?3. What different outcomes do you anticipate?Other bacteria are almost always harmful to humans. Cholera, a diarrheal disease that kills about 95,000 people worldwide each year, is caused by V. cholerae. The bacterium Yersinia pestis, spread by fleas that bite rodents, was responsible for the Black Death. And Bacillus anthracis can form almost indestructible anthrax spores that lurk in soil and can cause deadly disease if inhaled or consumed. Some of the most common problematic bacteria infect people through spoiled food. Salmonella bacteria cause an illness called salmonellosis, marked by diarrhea, stomach cramping and fever. Though most people recover after four to seven days, salmonellosis can be serious, and even fatal, in both young children and older people, according to the CDC. E. coli, another bacterium responsible for food poisoning, often spreads through contaminated food and water. While many strains live harmlessly in human intestines, others cause diarrheal illness. Like salmonellosis, E. coli diarrhea is typically deeply unpleasant but brief, though 5% to 10% of people develop a kidney complication called hemolytic uremic syndrome, which can be life-threatening, according to the CDC. Another common bacterium that can be harmful to people is Helicobacter pylori. About half of people carry these bacteria in their stomachs, according to the Mayo Clinic. Most people never show any ill effects of this infection, but in some cases, the bacteria cause peptic ulcers, or painful sores in the lining of the stomach. It’s not entirely clear how the bacteria spread, but risk factors include crowded livingProvider’s orders include:Orthopedic Surgical Consult – STATLabs: CBC, comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) – STAT & in the am Blood glucose monitoring AC & HS, call if >200Indwelling catheterIntake & outputIV with 0.9% sodium chloride at 50 mL/hrType and Hold 2 units PRBCCXR, EKG – 12 leadPrednisone 10 mg, PO dailyKetorolac 30 mg IV, q 6hrs (For pain) Cefazolin 1 g IV on call to surgeryDiet as tolerated – NPO after midnightChlorhexidine surgical scrub before surgery  Health Science Science Nursing Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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