Response to a peer discussion post Brief patho-physiology of the…

Question Answered step-by-step Response to a peer discussion post Brief patho-physiology of the… Response to a peer discussion postBrief patho-physiology of the diagnosisAlso known as erythema infectiosum, fifth disease is a viral infection that presents with a mild rash on the cheeks, legs, or arms, and is usually caused by parvovirus B19. Human PV-B19 is a single-stranded DNA virus, which belongs to the family of Parvoviridae. Humans are the only host of the parvovirus B19 (Kostolansky & Waymack, 2020).  Describe the clinical presentation of the childFifth disease usually presents itself with mild cold-like symptoms (fever, running nose, and headache) in children within two to five days of infection. It presents first by the initial redness of the face with a slapped-cheek rash and spreads in the form of symmetric rash on the arms, legs, and the trunk (often extensor surfaces). The illness may last between 5 to 10 days, and in some instances, it may recur for several weeks (Kostolansky & Waymack, 2020). Nursing considerations for this diagnosisNursing considerations for diagnosing the fifth disease in a patient is by just seeing the presence of a slapped cheek rash on their face. During diagnosis, nurses should take into account a child’s age, allergies to medication, medical history, and disease progression. Nurses should isolate and monitor closely patients who are immunocompromised (Khorsandi & Mahtab, 2017). The disease is typically spread the droplet or blood. The risk of nosocomial transmission of B19 from other immunodeficient patients is high, and thus, nurses should ensure routine infection-control practices.Expected medical management for this diagnosisThere is no specific cure for the disease. However, erythema’s symptoms can be controlled and managed by administering specific medications. Doctors recommend using acetaminophen and/or NSAIDs to control headache, fever, and arthralgias if present. If the disease progresses and results in aplastic crisis, there is a need to perform hemoglobin testing with serious blood transfusion throughout the infection (Kostolansky & Waymack, 2020).Discuss patient and family teaching applicable to this disease processPatient and family teaching revolves around the causes, symptoms, and prevention of the illness. Understanding the causes and symptoms of the disease will help patients and families to take the necessary precautions to prevent the spread of this disease. Patients and families should practice strong hygiene habits, such as washing hands, covering one’s mouth when sneezing, and not sharing utensils to prevent the spread of the disease.  Health Science Science Nursing NSG 325 Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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