Response to this a peer discussion post. Brief pathophysiology of…

Question Answered step-by-step Response to this a peer discussion post. Brief pathophysiology of… Response to this a peer discussion post.Brief pathophysiology of the diagnosisSeen in babies and children, DDH is when the development of the hip joint has not formed normally and the ball is loose in the socket and may be easy to dislocate (“Developmental Dislocation (Dysplasia) of the Hip (DDH) – OrthoInfo – AAOS,” 2020)Describe the clinical presentation of the childPresentation may be legs are different lengths, uneven skin folds on the thigh, less mobility or flexibility on one side and the child is limping, toe walking, or a waddling gait (“Developmental Dislocation (Dysplasia) of the Hip (DDH) – OrthoInfo – AAOS,” 2020)Nursing considerations for this diagnosis.Nursing considerations include the child having impaired physical mobility. The child would need to be assessed for muscle mass, strength, tone, and ability to move. Assess activity restrictions, bed rest status, traction, and splints. The child would also need to be assessed for risk for injury (Martin, 2019).Expected medical management for this diagnosisMedical management may include nonsurgical treatment as treatment depends on the child’s age. for newborns, the baby could be placed in a soft positioning device called a Pavlik harness, for 1 to 2 months to keep the thighbone in the socket. This brace is designed to hold the hip in the proper position while allowing free movement of the legs and easy diaper care. 6 months to a 2-year-old, these children are treated with a closed reduction and spica casting. Skin traction may be used for a week prior to repositioning the thighbone. Surgical treatment may where an incision is made at the baby’s hip that allows the surgeon to clearly see the bones and soft tissues (“Developmental Dislocation (Dysplasia) of the Hip (DDH) – OrthoInfo – AAOS,” 2020).Discuss patient and family teaching applicable to this disease process.The family would need to be taught about complications that could be brought about due to the child’s immobility as this promotes compliance with the program to maintain mobility and understanding of the effects of immobility. Parents would also need to be taught to utilize devices or aids for mobility and ADL. This provides safe use of aids and equipment and increased protection (Martin, 2019). Health Science Science Nursing NSG 325 Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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